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Factors Associated with Recurrent Appendicitis After Successful Treatment with Antibiotics

By July 19, 2023No Comments

As more patients with appendicitis are treated with antibiotics, factors associated with recurrence may help inform individualized prognostication and decision-making.

This cohort study, using data from the Comparison of Outcomes of Antibiotic Drugs and Appendectomy trial, examined patients treated with antibiotics who did not undergo appendicectomy in the first 30 days. Patients who had appendicectomy between 30 days and 1 year were compared with those who did not. Marginalized logistic regression models were used to calculate adjusted risk differences (RDs) to estimate the association between baseline patient factors and the risk of undergoing an appendicectomy between 30 days and 1 year.